Current Affairs 4 August 2015: Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) being constructed in China

 Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) being constructed in China 

Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope being constructed in ChinaA 500 meter diameter radio telescope is being constructed in China. It will allow astronomers to detect galaxies and pulsars at unprecedented distances. The $102 million facility, known as the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST), will have a collecting area more than twice as big as the 305 meter diameter radio telescope at Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, which has been the world’s largest since it opened in 1964.

The new telescope will also have the ability to change its shape and move the position its focus.

The construction of the largest radio telescope in the world began in 2011. Now, the panels that will make up the giant space-viewing machine are finally being assembled.

The telescope will be nestled comfortably in a valley in the Karst depression located in the Guizhou province. This site was chosen because It is ideally located in isolation from towns or residents; there is a 5-kilometer (3 mile) area around the dish separating it from any people and therefore, any interference. A 500-meter telescope is a sensitive instrument and needs ‘radio silence’ to pick up accurate signals.

The region is also well-suited for drawing rainwater underground that will protect the reflector from environmental damage.

 Hindi litterateur Kashinath Singh chosen for Bharat Bharti Literary Award 2014 

Hindi litterateur Kashinath Singh chosen for Bharat Bharti Literary Award 2014Noted Hindi litterateur Kashinath Singh has been chosen for the state’s highest literary award, Bharat Bharti for the year 2014. The award, given by UP Hindi Sansthan, carries a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.

Kashinath Singh has written many novels and short stories. His most famous novel is ‘Kashi ka Assi’, which captures the vibrant hues of Banaras. The novel has been adopted for the upcoming movie ‘Mohalla Assi’.

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