Current Affairs Update 3 July 2015

 Cuba became first country to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission 

cuba-eradication-of-mother-to-child-HIV-transmissionCuba has become the first country to eliminate the transmission of HIV and syphilis from mother to baby, the World Health Organisation has announced.

HIV and syphilis testing for pregnant women and their partners, caesarean deliveries and substitution of breastfeeding have also contributed to the breaking of the infection chain, said the WHO.

Scientists have said eradicating Aids is feasible if HIV prevention continues to grow, even if there is no cure. The reduction in infection rates in Cuba is seen as a major breakthrough in the campaign to rid the world of the virus.

Incidence of syphilis transmission is close behind with 1 million pregnant woman worldwide infected. This can be eliminated with simple treatments such as penicillin during pregnancy.

 Rahul Yadav sacked as CEO of 

rahul-yadavThe board of has fired co-founder Rahul Yadav as CEO, bringing to an end a tumultuous relationship at one of India’s most-watched startups.

In a board meeting on Wednesday at’s headquarters in Mumbai, the company cited his “behaviour towards investors, partners and the media” as the reasons for his ouster. “The board believed that his behaviour is not befitting of a CEO and is detrimental to the company,” said a person aware of what transpired at the board meeting.

 Anisa Rasouli, the head of the Afghan Women Judges Association nominated as first female judge of Afghanistan Supreme Court 

Anisa-RasouliAfghan President Ashraf Ghani nominated Anisa Rasouli, a female judge to sit on the Supreme Court in an unprecedented move that has angered some Islamic conservatives.

Anisa Rasouli, the head of the Afghan Women Judges Association and a former juvenile court judge, was the only female nominated to the nine-member bench.

The former academic and World Bank economist has already appointed two female governors for the provinces of Ghor and Daikundi, moves hailed by rights campaigners.


 Professor Sanjeev Galande chosen for the G.D. Birla Award for Scientific Research for 2014 

sanjeev-galande_640x480_gettyK.K. Birla Foundation announced that Professor Sanjeev Galande has been chosen for the G.D. Birla Award for Scientific Research for 2014. He is Professor and Team Leader at the Centre of Excellence in Epigenetics of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune.

The award, instituted in 1991, seeks to recognise research by Indian scientists aged below 50 and living and working in India. It carries a cash prize of Rs. 2.5 lakh.


 Census data on disabled population released by Registrar General 

Census data on disabled population released by Registrar GeneralThe Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India has released data on disabled population by type of disability, type of households and sex – 2011. The data gives the number of households having disabled persons by type of households including normal, institutional and houseless households. The disabled persons living in different type of households are further cross-classified into eight different disabilities i.e. seeing, hearing, speech, movement, mental retardation, mental illness, any other and multiple disability for India/States/UTs.

The data released shows 207.8 lakh households having disabled persons in the country constituting 8.3 percent of the total households. Out of the total households having disabled persons, about 99 percent households are normal households, 0.4 percent are institutional and 0.2 percent are houseless households.